Microsoft Interview Questions for 2018 preparation

The questions tend to follow some basic themes:

Riddles

Algorithms

Applications

Thinkers

Riddles

Why is a manhole cover round?

How many cars are there in the USA? (A popular variant is "How many gas stations are there in the USA?")

How many manhole covers are there in the USA?

You've got someone working for you for seven days & a gold bar to pay them. The gold bar is segmented into seven connected pieces. You must give them a piece of gold at the end of every day. If you are only allowed to make two breaks in the gold bar, how do you pay your worker? One train leaves Los Angeles at 15mph heading for New York. Another train leaves from New York at 20mph heading for

Los Angeles on the same track. If a bird, flying at 25mph, leaves from Los Angeles at the same time as the train & flies back & forth between the two trains until they collide, how far will the bird have traveled?

Suppose a disk spinning like a record player turn table. Half of the disk is black & the other is white. Assume you have an unlimited number of color sensors. How many sensors would you have to place around the disk to determine the direction the disk is spinning? Where would they be placed?

Suppose an analog clock set to 12 o'clock. Note that the hour & minute hands overlap. How many times each day do both the hour & minute hands overlap? How would you determine the exact times of the day that this occurs?

You have two jars, 50 red marbles & 50 blue marbles. A jar will be picked at random, & then a marble will be picked from the jar. Placing all of the marbles in the jars, how can you maximize the chances of a red marble being picked? What are the exact odds of getting a red marble using your scheme?

Pairs of primes separated by a single number are called prime pairs.

Examples are 17 & 19.

Prove that the number between a prime pair is always divisible by 6 (assuming both numbers in the pair are greater than 6). Now prove that there are no 'prime triples.'

Thereis a room with a door (closed) & three light bulbs. Outside the room there are three switches, connected to the bulbs. You may manipulate the switches as you wish, but once you open the door you can't change them. Identify each switch with its bulb.

Supposeyou had 8 billiard balls, & one of them was slightly heavier, but the only way to tell was by putting it on a scale against another. What's the fewest number of times you'd have to use the scale to find the heavier ball?

Supposeyou are standing in front of a mirror, facing it. Raise your left hand. Raise your right hand. Look at your reflection. When you raise your left hand your reflection raises what appears to be his right hand. But when you tilt your head up, your reflection does too, & does not appear to tilt his/her head down. Why is it that the mirror appears to reverse left & right, but not up & down?

Youhave 4 jars of pills. Each pill is a certain weight, except for contaminated pills contained in one jar, where each pill is weight + 1. How could you tell which jar had the contaminated pills in just one measurement?

The SF Chronicle has a word game where all the letters are scrambled up & you have to figure out what the word is. Suppose that a scrambled word is 5 characters long: How many possible solutions are there? What if we know which 5 letters are being used? Develop an algorithm to solve the word.

There are 4 women who want to cross a bridge. They all begin on the same side. You have 17 minutes to get all of them across to the other side. It is night. There is one flashlight. A maximum of two people can cross at one time. Any party who crosses, either 1 or 2 people, must have the flashlight with them. The flashlight must be walked back & forth, it cannot be thrown, etc. Each woman walks at a different speed. A pair must walk together at the rate of the slower woman's pace.

Woman 1: 1 minute to cross

Woman 2: 2 minutes to cross

Woman 3: 5 minutes to cross

Woman 4: 10 minutes to cross

For example if Woman 1 & Woman 4 walk across first, 10 minutes have elapsed when they get to the other side of the bridge. If Woman 4 then returns with the flashlight, a total of 20 minutes have passed & you have failed the mission. What is the order required to get all women across in 17 minutes? Now, what's the other way?

If you had an infinite supply of water & a 5 quart & 3 quart pail, how would you measure exactly 4 quarts?

You have a bucket of jelly beans. Some are red, some are blue, & some green. With your eyes closed, pick out 2 of a like color. How many do you have to grab to be sure you have 2 of the same?

If you have two buckets, one with red paint & the other with blue paint, & you take one cup from the blue bucket & poor it into the red bucket. Then you take one cup from the red bucket & poor it into the blue bucket. Which bucket has the highest ratio between red & blue? Prove it mathematically.

## No comments:

Post a Comment